Want a Preview of President Biden? Look to the Campaign Trail


Like President Bill Clinton, Joseph R. Biden Jr. is an empathetic extrovert with a sprawling network of friends. Like President George W. Bush, he maintains strict personal discipline (for Mr. Biden, that meant Peloton rides and protein shakes this year, to offset an ice cream habit).

Like President George H.W. Bush, he respects American political traditions, and with President Barack Obama, he shares eight years of history, experiences and some Washington battle scars.

But when Mr. Biden enters the White House in January, after four turbulent years of the Trump presidency and a chaotic transition period, he will bring with him his own set of instincts.

He has honed the ways he operates in Washington over 36 years as a senator and eight years as vice president. Based on his actions and attitudes throughout his most recent 18 months as a presidential candidate, here are four key elements of how Mr. Biden may approach governing come January, 48 years after he first arrived in Washington.

That dynamic may be instructive for how his cabinet member announcements and other personnel choices play out in coming weeks, as Mr. Biden thoroughly assesses his options and also grapples with the political constraints of a potentially Republican-controlled Senate.

People who have worked with Mr. Biden or know him personally describe him as a gut politician in some ways, but one whose instincts are shaped by conversations with close advisers and allies, by peppering aides with questions and by soliciting a range of opinions, whether from experts in a particular field or from trusted friends and supporters across the country.

“I think he truly tries to get input, get all the perspectives, understand the pros and the cons,” Representative Debbie Dingell, Democrat of Michigan, said of his decision-making habits broadly. “He had people that gave him the perspectives of different people, and then he would make his own decision.”

Mr. Biden has suggested that he may name a handful of cabinet member choices by around Thanksgiving — setting up an early test of whether his self-imposed deadlines are any more accurate as president-elect than they were when he was a candidate.

His experience in the Senate defined his political outlook — one that prizes consensus, civility and bipartisanship as essential to at least some progress — and helps explain why he will enter the White House with great respect for Congress. His insistence that he could “lower the temperature” politically was a central part of his pitch throughout the race, and he relished dismissing Democrats who called such an outlook naïve.

The question is whether Mr. Biden’s views will be reciprocated by Republicans on Capitol Hill, some of whom are currently refusing to recognize the legitimacy of his election.

“He knows the Senate — these are personal friends of his, unlike other presidents that didn’t have that type of relationship,” said former Senator John Breaux, Democrat of Louisiana. “To an extent, Obama didn’t, either. Joe has been there over 30 years. He knows the leaders on the Republican side. I think he’s going to be reaching out to them, as well as Democratic leadership.”

When Mr. Biden declared victory last weekend, he claimed that “part of the mandate” he had received from the American people was to facilitate finding common ground.

“They want us to cooperate in their interest, and that’s the choice I’ll make,” he said. “And I’ll call on Congress, Democrats and Republicans alike, to make that choice with me.”

Whatever the response, Mr. Biden has also offered a long list of executive actions he plans to take on his first day in office.

After four years with President Trump in the White House, Mr. Biden promises, in many respects, a return to the past norms and traditions that have typically defined the office.

Do not expect to see Mr. Biden use his Twitter account to fire members of his cabinet, chime in on television news coverage or make sudden policy pronouncements. In fact, his campaign team claimed to disdain Twitter, arguing that it was a poor measure of the views of most Americans.

Do expect to see a president who embraces the traditional role of serving as consoler in chief in times of tragedy. Mr. Biden’s ability to connect with people experiencing grief is one of his most distinctive attributes as a politician, following a car accident that killed his first wife and a baby daughter in 1972, and the death of his elder son, Beau Biden, in 2015.

On Veterans Day last week, he visited the Philadelphia Korean War Memorial, and he takes care to show respect for those who serve in uniform.

Rarely did Mr. Biden grow as visibly angry on the campaign trail as when he cited Mr. Trump’s reported comments about fallen soldiers. Mr. Biden carries in his suit jacket a card that lists, among other things, the precise number of U.S. troops who have died in Iraq and Afghanistan, and he routinely ends his remarks by saying, “May God protect our troops.”

But for all of Mr. Biden’s regard for American institutions — the courts, Congress, the military — he is also a colorful figure in American politics with a vivid personality that Americans and world leaders will now see up close.

He is known for his empathy but is also capable of growing so defensive that during a testy exchange, he once appeared to call a voter “fat” (which his campaign disputed) and issued a challenge to do push-ups. He is brimming with “Bidenisms” and with assorted wisdom that he attributes to various relatives and long-dead colleagues, and is deeply proud of his Irish Catholic roots in Scranton, Pa.

“Look me over,” Mr. Biden has urged voters over the years. “If you like what you see, help out. If not, vote for the other guy.”

This time around, enough American voters liked what they saw. Now they, and the world, are about to get a much closer look.

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